So you have a this nice multiplayer switch, and want to take advantages of all of the features it has to offer. Well there are two different types interface ports on these type of switches. SVIs (Switched Virtual Interface) and “routed” ports, fundamentally they are same and clients/users wouldn’t be able to tell if you were using/going through an SVI or a “routed” port. However they are different and in this post we’ll talk about these two and when and were it would be recommended to place an SVI or a routed port.
We could use HSRP or VRRP to have a redundant default gateway for our PC/server networks. Although this works well we now have hardware powered-on and just sitting around waiting for its counterpart to fail, we are not actively using it. We could split up networks or use multiple default gateways within the same network but who does that? Well if your router or layer three switch happens to have that Cisco logo on it and a software release of at least 12.2(14)S, please welcome and “slow clap” the Gateway Load Balancing protocol, who has been around since 2002! Continue reading “GLBP Load Balancing”
I previously had the chance to play around with the 5596UP switch, and made some notes on how to configure inter-vlan routing. Since this was a 5596UP switch I needed a layer 3 card to take advantage of it. The next-generation units the 5600 include layer 3 without a card required along with introducing 40GB uplinks! However in this post let’s go back to the basics and configure inter-vlan routing on a nexus switch and in this case I am using a 5596UP. Continue reading “Inter-VLAN Routing on the Nexus 5k.”
HDLC and PPP are considered to be in layer 2 of the OSI model. There are some differences between which will be describe in this post, If you would like to learn more about at least the basic configuration of PPP including PAP and CHAP check out the post I wrote about year ago. (Basic PPP Configuration) HDLC was first developed by the ISO Cisco tweaked the protocol sometimes called cHDLC and because of this it only works with Cisco equipment. PPP is defined by RFC 1968 which is an open standard and is able to work on multi-vender equipment. Continue reading “HDLC vs. PPP”
I’ve found this table that I created a while ago and it lists common WAN connections that businesses use. I have used this table like a reference guide to familiar myself into other protocols. People don’t think of it much but the WAN is a different beast compared the LAN as it uses different protocols besides Ethernet. The WAN or wide area network is what connects us to remote locations within a organization. If we have an office in New York and another office in Wyoming we need these offices to be connected to each other so that they seem to be on the same network even though they are miles away these types of WAN connections and protocols would do it. Continue reading “Types of WAN Links”